Regents Prep: Global History: Political Systems:
Introduction

Political Systems
Throughout history, many kinds of political systems developed in different areas of the world depending on the needs of the people, and the economic resources available.

In Europe, as well as in parts of China, India, Africa, and South America, a system known as monarchy developed.  Beginning in ancient Greece, the practice of democracy has continued into the 21st century.  In both Europe and Japan, feudalism had developed by the 1100s.  

By the 1500s, absolutism, and divine right monarchy, had emerged, especially in Europe.  The Enlightenment, a rejection of absolutism, forced political changes in Europe, North America and Western Asia.  The 1850s saw the rapid spread of an anti-capitalist economic & political system called communism.

Related Political Systems

monarchy a political system in which the government is under the control of one powerful leader.
oligarchy a political system in which the government is under the control of the merchant class.
theocracy a political system in which the government is under the control of a religious organization or its officials.
aristocracy a political system in which the government is under the control of wealthy landowners.
democracy a political system in which the government is under the control of the citizens themselves, or elected representatives chosen from eligible citizens.

This site is designed to aid students in reviewing political systems and the concept of citizenship throughout history.  This site should be used in preparation for the New York State Regents Exam in Global History and Geography. In addition, students may test their knowledge of the material presented here by accessing multiple-choice questions from past Regents Exams

 
 

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