The Golden Age of India occurs under the rule of the Gupta
Dynasty (320 - 550 ACE.) The Guptas established a
strong central government which also allowed a degree of
local control. Gupta society was ordered in
accordance with Hindu beliefs. This included a
strict caste system, or class system. The peace
and prosperity created under Gupta leadership enabled
the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors.
Math & Science
developed the concept of zero in the use of math, and
developed the decimal system based on the number
10. They also created a number writing system that
was later adopted by the Islamic Empire. This
system became known as Arabic Numerals, but
is really a Gupta achievement. This is the number
writing system used throughout the world today.
physicians developed herbal remedies to treat
various illnesses. They also developed a form of plastic
surgery for the treatment of facial injuries.
Physicians vaccinated against smallpox, a
practice later used in China (10th century) and Europe
Arts & Literature
architecture was dedicated to building stone temples to
the various Hindu
gods. Also, Buddhists built shrines to house the
remains of select holy people. These structures
were called Stupas. This form of
architecture made its way to China where it was altered
slightly and renamed the pagoda.
literature consists of fables and folktales written in Sanskrit.
These stories spread west to Persia, Egypt, and Greece,
and became the basis for many Islamic literary works
such as, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and Aladdin
and his Magic Lamp.
The Gupta Dynasty
declined due to weak rulers and a series of invasions,
but many of their cultural and intellectual achievements
were saved and transmitted to other cultures and live on