occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region
and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.
Beginning in the 15th century and extending all the way through
the 19th century, European nations competed for colonies across the
globe. These colonies were exploited for their
materials, and used as new markets for
European goods. Europeans had little regard for
most of the indigenous peoples of these areas, and as a
result, there was great loss of life and culture.
Old Imperialism occurs in the 15th through
centuries in Africa, India, the Americas, and parts of
Asia The motives were the same for most areas, the
establishment of lucrative
trade routes. Various
European countries dominated these trades routes and one
time or another, and a some countries, such as Great
Britain and Spain, came to dominate entire countries.
New Imperialism was practiced by European
nations and Japan throughout the 1800s and early 1900s.
In every case, a nation would experience
prior to practicing imperialism on a foreign nation or
region. This is due to the nearly insatiable demand for
cheap raw materials and the need for markets to buy
Roots: Abundant raw materials and vast markets
are needed in order to maintain an industrialized economy.
Raw materials such as iron and cotton can be turned into products
such as steel and textiles. Finally, these products need to
be sold to a market in order to realize a profit.
The forces of industrialization caused nations to begin looking outside
of their borders for cheaper and more abundant raw materials.
Foreign populations were also viewed as vast markets where
goods produced in domestic factories could be sold.