During the 1930s, Germany, Italy, and Japan
tried to build world empires at the expense of
others. This resulted in a world war as other
nations attempted to stop them.
World War II was
the most destructive war in human history and became a
turning point in history as is resulted in the division
of the world into two competing political
Fascism is the rule of a people by a dictatorial
government that is both nationalistic
imperialistic. Fascist are also anti-communist.
Fascism rose in Italy and Germany due to a severe
economic depression that caused widespread
Benito Mussolini in Italy, and
Hitler in Germany both promised solutions to these
problems, and were able to win the support of the masses
as they took absolute control over their
Imperialistic goals in Italy, Germany,
and Japan resulted in the start of World War II.
Germany, Italy, and Japan formed the Axis Powers
and waged war against the Allies, composed of Great
Britain, the United States, and the Soviet
Union. The war was
waged across the globe, with major battles taking place
in Europe, North Africa, and various Pacific
Islands. War in Europe ended after the
destruction of Germany in the Spring of 1945, and
ended in the Pacific after the United States dropped two
nuclear bombs on
Nagasaki, Japan in August of
that same year. World War II is a turning point because
it marks the beginning of the Nuclear Age, and
because it resulted in the creation of the two
the Soviet Union and the United States.
Japan and Germany
Rather than repeat the mistake made by the
Treaty which severely punished Germany for
One, the allies occupied and rebuilt Japan and Germany.
occupation, democratic governments were
established and infrastructure destroyed during the war
was rebuilt. West Germany and Japan would go on to
become very competitive economically, often being ranked
and compared to the United States.
After World War Two,
self-determination was extended
beyond Europe to regions across the world. Former
colonial possessions of European nations such as India
and French Indochina became sovereign nations,
establishing their own governments.
After the war, the United States and other democratic
nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO), which was a military alliance against
communism. The Soviet Union, which had gained
control of most of Eastern Europe during the war, formed
the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance against
NATO. This period of conflict between democratic
and communist countries is known as the
The two Superpowers, the United States and the Soviet
Union, dominated world events for nearly 50 years after
the end of the war.