Cold War period has seen many
changes around the globe. The lack of two
has increased the pressure on the United States to act
as a world police force as violent hot spots
crop up around the world. Rogue nations, such as North
Korea and Iraq continue to pursue goals
contrary to world opinion. Also, the rise of
especially on an individual level, is on the increase.
Cold War Hot Spots
Middle East: Tensions have continued
to escalate in the
Israeli - Palestinian
Violence is a near daily occurrence as neither side is
able to reach peaceful coexistence. This conflict
also continues to spill over into nearby Lebanon,
which has experienced near 30 years of bloodshed.
Another problem area is Iraq, which continues to
harass its neighbors and pose a potential threat to
stability in the Middle East. The United States,
Great Britain and others have maintained military forces
in the region since the end of the
Gulf War in 1991.
Korea: North Korea remains a
one party communist
dictatorship. Even though they have faced economic
hardships, North Korea has spent large sums
building up its military which is rumored to
posses nuclear weapons. The North
Korean government maintains its hope of uniting the two
Koreas one day. This poses a threat to the nations
of the west who are allied with South Korea,
namely, the United States.
India & Pakistan:
India and Pakistan continue to be hostile toward each
other. Issues range from religious differences, to
the subject of Kashmir, a region divided between
the two in 1949. Adding to this conflict is the
threat of nuclear war, as both countries
have tested such weapons. This has become a global
concern as a result.
China: China remains a one
party communist dictatorship, whose record on
human rights has brought them world attention.
China wishes to grow economically closer to the
more prosperous West, but refuses to end the human
rights abuses that prevent this from happening.
Another trouble area with China concerns Taiwan,
which the Communist Chinese consider to be a rebellious
Chinese state. Taiwan maintains its independence,
and because of support from western nations has managed
to remain free.
Terrorism is the deliberate use of unpredictable
violence, especially against civilians, to gain revenge
or achieve political goals. Terrorism is usually used by
individuals that do not have a military of their
own. Terrorist activities include bombings,
kidnappings, assassinations, and hijackings.
Areas where terrorism has seen widespread use are Northern
Ireland, the Middle East, and any
area with American citizens, who have
become the target of individually funded terrorist activities,
such as those begun by
Osama bin Laden.
Efforts to stop terrorism have seen limited success due
to the random nature of its activities.