| How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis (1890)
The Jungle, Upton Sinclair (1906)
The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck (1939)
Unsafe at Any Speed, Ralph Nader (1965)|
What has been the impact of these authors and their books on American society?
Most Americans have developed a preference for escapist and romantic literature.
Most American authors have adopted a conservative viewpoint
American business has corrected poor conditions quickly.
These works have had significant influence on social, political, and economic reforms.
Correct Answer Number: 4
Explanation: Jacob Riis was a muckraker who wrote about and photographed the conditions of New York City’s poorest in his book “How The Other Half Lives”, its widespread success helped to initiate calls for building codes, improved sanitation and access to better housing. In his 1906 work “The Jungle”, muckraker Upton Sinclair exposed the horrific conditions under which the nation’s meat supply was being produced. The novel caught the attention of lawmakers who, disgusted by its factual accounts of the unsanitary conditions, worked quickly for the passage of the Meat Inspection Act (also 1906). John Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath” sought to expose the plight of the dust bowl farmers in the 1930’s. Finally, Ralph Nadar’s “Unsafe at Any Speed” in the 1970’s was a call for increased automobile safety.