Regents Prep: Global History & Geography
Multiple-Choice Questions
Regents Prep Global History & Geography: Topical Multiple-Choice Question Archive
Use of Topical Archive Multiple-Choice Questions
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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 1 of 50
“When I go to the office, I put on my shirt and I take off my Caste; when I come home, I take off my shirt and I put on my Caste.”

What is the main idea of this quotation?
  1. the Caste system continues to influence Indian society
  2. the Caste system has been reflected by most Indians
  3. successful urban workers in India belong the same Caste
  4. the Indian government officially supports the Caste system

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Shortly after India achieved independence, the Caste system was officially outlawed. While one cannot be discriminated against because of their Caste, it is still an influential social institution.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 2 of 50
Which factor most limited the development of African nationalism?
  1. European support of an educational system based on local traditions and language
  2. the prior experience of Africans with economic self-sufficiency
  3. political boundaries imposed by Europeans that had little relationship to African tribal boundaries
  4. the European practice of making decisions based on local customs

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Most of the current boundaries in Africa are a result of colonialism. Therefore, many nations are composed of many different tribal and ethnic groups. These groups often feel more loyalty toward their tribal or ethnic group than they do to their nation.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 3 of 50
One way in which Kwame Nkurmah, Jomo Kenyatta, and Kenneth Kaunda are similar is that they all
  1. supported the United Nations military action in the Persian Gulf War
  2. played a major role in independence movements in Africa
  3. rejected financial aid from the World Bank
  4. opposed the Pan-African movement

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: All three leaders were influential in the independence movements of Africa.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 4 of 50
Which statement best describes the political situation in Africa after World War II?
  1. increased nationalism led to independence for many African nations
  2. France and West Germany sought to establish colonies in Africa
  3. European nations increased their control over their African colonies
  4. the United Nations opposed the idea of self-determination for African nations

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Many Africans returning from the war resented being treated as second class citizens in their own nations. Nationalism developed and independence movements gained strength as many European countries were unable or unwilling to fight to hold their colonies.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 5 of 50
“If we are to remain free, if we are to enjoy the full benefits of Africa’s enormous wealth, we must unite to plan for the full exploitation of our human and material resources in the interest of all our people”

-Kwame Nkrumah (1950’s)

This quotation best expresses the major goal of
  1. colonialism
  2. Pan-Africanism
  3. imperialism
  4. urbanization

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Pan-Africanism was a nationalistic movement in Africa that stressed the unity of all Africans regardless of borders.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 6 of 50
After World War II, which action was taken by many African territories?
  1. demanding independence from their colonial rulers
  2. refusing to join international organizations
  3. rejecting most of the technology offered by western nations
  4. creating a strong, united Africa

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Many Africans returning from the war resented being treated as second class citizens in their own nations. Nationalism developed and independence movements gained strength as many European countries were unable or unwilling to fight to hold their colonies.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 7 of 50
Mohandas Gandhi is best known for his
  1. use of passive resistance to achieve Indian independence
  2. desire to establish and Islamic nations
  3. opposition to Hindus holding political office
  4. encouragement of violence to end British rule

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Mohandas Gandhi was an independence leader who used non-violent demonstrations and passive resistance to help end British control of India.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 8 of 50
The primary goal of the Indian National Congress (1855-1947) was to
  1. reform the Hindu religion
  2. partition India between Muslims and Hindus
  3. create a socialist economy
  4. gain independence from Great Britain

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: The Indian National Congress was a nationalistic organization created with the goal of freeing India from British control.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 9 of 50
The rise of independent states in Asia and Africa after World War II demonstrates the
  1. failure of nationalist movements
  2. influence of socialism
  3. success of United Nations peacekeeping forces
  4. decline of European colonial empires

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: European countries were either unwilling or unable to hold onto their colonies after the end of World War II.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 10 of 50
Which action best illustrates Mohandas Gandhi’s concept of civil disobedience?
  1. a British army outpost was bombed as a protest against the British presence in Northern Ireland
  2. citizens in the United States went to jail for violation segregation laws
  3. French citizens wrote letters to their government to oppose arms sale to Iraq
  4. supporters of Ferdinand Marcos attempted a coup d’etat against the Philippine government

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Civil Disobedience is the breaking of laws believed to be unjust by a particular group or organization. In the case of segregation, African Americans were willing to go to jail to protest what they saw as an unjust law.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 11 of 50
Which has been a characteristic of many Southeast Asian countries since World War II?
  1. internal struggles for power that lead to political instability
  2. isolation from the influence of the superpowers
  3. democratic governments based on the principles of the French Revolution
  4. fundamentalist Islamic governments supported by Iran

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Many nations formed after World War II struggled for stability as inexperienced leadership fought for control of government.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 12 of 50
Which event was used by Mohandas Gandhi to bring world attention to the injustices of British colonialism?
  1. salt march
  2. partition of India
  3. Sepoy Mutiny
  4. formation of the Indian parliament

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Gandhi's Salt March was in protest of Britain's monopoly of the salt market in India. Gandhi was jailed, along with hundreds of others, but managed to bring worldwide attention on the problem of India's independence movement.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 13 of 50
Since the 1950’s, India has experienced conflict with both Pakistan and China over
  1. United Nations peacekeeping efforts in the region
  2. India’s increasing trade with Korea
  3. borders and related territorial issues
  4. the interpretation of common religious works

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: British officials drew borders that created a Hindu India and a Muslim Pakistan in 1947. Since this time, there has been conflict between the two nations. India has also experienced problems with China over their shared border.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 14 of 50
Which statement best reflects a belief of Mohandas Gandhi?
  1. Muslims and Hindus must be separated if true peace is to come to India
  2. India must adopt the British factory system
  3. The caste system must remain an important cornerstone of Hindu society
  4. India must achieve independence, but not at the expense of further dividing the Indian people

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Gandhi believed independence should not come at the price of causing further conflict in India, such as what already existed between the Hindu and Muslim populations.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 15 of 50
Since India’s independence in 1947, the government has had the greatest success in
  1. increasing overall food production
  2. reducing the population
  3. eliminating religious conflict
  4. controlling industrial pollution

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: After independence, India switch from the colonial policy of cash crop production, to food production in response to its growing population.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 16 of 50
The Canal was dug by Egypt’s sons and 120,000 of them died while working. The Suez Canal Company in Paris is an imposter company. It usurped our concessions… Therefore, I have signed today the following law which has been approved by the Cabinet: Article 1 of the decree reads, “The Universal Company of the Suez Maritime Canal—Egyptian Joint-Stock Company – is hereby nationalized. All its assets, rights and obligations are hereby transferred to the Nation.”

-Source: World History, Prentice Hall



This passage describes the decision of the Egyptian government to
  1. end trade with Mediterranean countries
  2. stop building canals
  3. take control of the Suez Canal
  4. sell the Suez Canal to France

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, which effectively took control away from the British.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 17 of 50
One reason India gained its independence from Great Britain in 1947 was that
  1. Great Britain was defeated in World War II
  2. the Treaty of Versailles required Great Britain to give up its colonies
  3. Great Britain did not have the resources to maintain an empire after World War II
  4. India had supported the Axis Powers during World War II

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Many European countries were either unwilling or unable to hold onto their colonies after the end of World War II.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 18 of 50
One important similarity between Indira Gandhi of India and Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan is that both
  1. are Hindu leaders of Islamic nations
  2. became important national leaders in nations in which women have not traditionally had equal opportunities
  3. came into power as a result of the breakup of the Soviet Union
  4. became leaders of the Asian bloc of nations at the United Nations

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Both became the leaders in societies where women traditionally do not take part in political life.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 19 of 50
One similarity between the Sepoys in India, the Boxers in China, and the Mau Mau in Kenya is that these groups
  1. tried to drive Europeans out of their countries
  2. depended on Western support for their success
  3. adopted Marxist economic and political principles
  4. sought independence through nonviolence

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: All three are example of violent rebellion against a colonial power. All three were ultimately a failure.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 20 of 50
The “homespun movement” and the Salt March promoted by Mohandas Gandhi in India are examples of his policy of
  1. industrialization
  2. isolationism
  3. nonalignment
  4. nonviolent protest

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Gandhi's Salt March and homespun movement were both forms of non-violent protest aimed at drawing attention to inequities in society under British rule.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 21 of 50
Which statement best explains why India was partitioned in 1947?
  1. the British feared a united India
  2. one region wanted to remain under British control
  3. religious differences led to political division
  4. communist supporters wanted a separate state

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: British officials drew borders that created a Hindu India and a Muslim Pakistan in 1947 due to religious tensions resulting in violence between the two groups.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 22 of 50
During India’s independence movement, Mohandas Gandhi’s boycott of British-made products was effective because the British considered India a major
  1. shipping center
  2. industrial center
  3. market for manufactured goods
  4. source of mineral resources

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Gandhi's homespun movement was aimed at disrupting Britain's trade with India. India imported a number of manufactured products from Great Britain, especially finished clothing.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 23 of 50
The stability of many African nations continues to be threatened by the
  1. spread of Animism among the people
  2. ethnic and tribal loyalties of the people
  3. use of command economies
  4. establishment of labor unions

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Ethnic and tribal loyalties have been the cause of political instability and violence in many African nations since independence.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 24 of 50
The war between India and Pakistan in Kashmir in 1965, the sending of Indian troops to Sir Lanka in 1987, and the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 all demonstrate that in South Asia
  1. a. the Shino religion is a significant force
  2. a. United Nations peacekeeping forces are ineffective
  3. b. regional and ethnic rivalries remain strong
  4. c. nations are vulnerable to a communist takeover

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Numerous conflicts in South Asia have been caused by the different ethnic and religious groups inhabiting this region.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 25 of 50
In India today, the continued discrimination based on caste illustrates
  1. a. a commitment to a capitalist economic system
  2. b. the gap between law and tradition
  3. c. the influence of the Cold War on India
  4. c. the declining role of religion in modern society

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Shortly after India achieved independence, the Caste system was officially outlawed. While one cannot be discriminated against because of their Caste, it is still an influential social institution.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 26 of 50
India has developed a mixed economy that
  1. a. guarantees government control over the economy
  2. b. provides open competition without government interference
  3. c. blends free enterprise with socialism
  4. d. relies on the traditional barter system

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: India's political and economic system is similar to that of their former colonial overlord, Great Britain.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 27 of 50
During the 1980’s, national unity in India was hindered by
  1. a. a foreign policy of nonalignment
  2. b. continued fear of attack from the Soviet Union
  3. c. political interference from China
  4. c. conflicts between Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Since independence, India has often faced problems due to the religious differences of its population.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 28 of 50
With which nation are Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge, and genocide associated?
  1. Korea
  2. Japan
  3. Myanmar (Burma)
  4. Cambodia (Kampuchea)

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Pol Pot was the leader of the Khmer Rouge, who followed a policy of genocide in the country of Cambodia (Kampuchea).


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 29 of 50
--Rebellion in the Congo during the 1960’s
--Civil war in Nigeria from 1967 to 1970
--Fighting in the Sudan in the 1980’s
--Massacres in Rwanda in the 1990’s

Which factor was the main reason for these conflicts?
  1. poor food distribution systems
  2. communist interference
  3. demands for land reform
  4. ethnic rivalries

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Ethnic and tribal loyalties have been the cause of political instability and violence in many African nations since independence.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 30 of 50
In some African nations today, ethnic rivalries erupt when
  1. political differences are motivated by ancient resentments
  2. trading companies hire nonunion workers
  3. scarce funds halt the exploration for mineral resources
  4. groups share a common heritage

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Ethnic and tribal loyalties have been the cause of political instability and violence in many African nations since independence.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 31 of 50
Which statement is most accurate about many African societies today?
  1. modern medicines have been ineffective in decreasing infant mortality throughout Africa
  2. new attitudes and values often clash with traditional tribal practices
  3. agriculture is no longer the most important economic activity in Africa
  4. European influence no longer exists in the former colonial territories

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: As Africa modernizes, clashes occur between traditional tribal practices and more modern attitudes and values.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 32 of 50
Which situation would best encourage economic development in most African nations today?
  1. a. increasing the population growth rate
  2. b. attracting investment capital
  3. c. reducing the number of skilled workers
  4. d. depleting their natural resources

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Africa has vast natural resources, but little industry. Capital investment is needed to modernize and industrialize many African nations.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 33 of 50
The caste system is still practiced in India today primarily because it is
  1. encouraged by village customs and traditions
  2. enforced by the military
  3. supported by Christian and Muslim teachings
  4. mandated by law

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Shortly after India achieved independence, the Caste system was officially outlawed. While one cannot be discriminated against because of their Caste, it is still an influential social institution.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 34 of 50
In 1991, Pakistan amended its constitution and made the Koran the basis of all its laws. Which group was responsible for this action?
  1. Kashmir separatists
  2. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  3. Buddhist monks
  4. Islamic fundamentalists

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: The Koran is the holy book of Islam. Pakistan has a majority Muslim population. Many Islamic nations base their system of law and government on the Koran.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 35 of 50
In India, the people have resisted changing their attitudes toward the caste system because
  1. national Muslim leaders have supported the caste system
  2. the government is unwilling to end the caste system
  3. continued religious conflict prevents changes in the caste system
  4. the Hindu beliefs of karma and dharma reinforce the caste system

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Shortly after India achieved independence, the Caste system was officially outlawed. While one cannot be discriminated against because of their Caste, it is still an influential social institution.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 36 of 50
“Today you won’t find a single African head of state who stands on a podium and declares: ‘I am a Marxist.’ Instead all the talk is about…currency, private enterprise, and getting hold of capital.”

--Tei Mante of Ghana

Which statement about the economies of African nations is best supported by the information in this quotation?
  1. African nations remain heavily dependent on China and North Korea for trade, capital, and food
  2. African nations are more concerned with obtaining investment capital than with discussing political philosophies
  3. African nations realize they must cooperate
  4. the failure of capitalism in Africa has helped the communists grow in strength

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Since the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union, and the subsequent withdrawal of support, many African nations have turned toward capitalism to modernize and industrialize.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 37 of 50
The actions of Jomo Kenyatta, Kwame Nkrumah, Leopold Senghor, and Julius Nyerere were most closely associated with
  1. a rise in nationalism in several African countries
  2. the end of apartheid in South Africa
  3. a resurgence of colonialism in east Africa
  4. the revival of Islam in northern Africa

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: All were nationalistic leaders of various African nations during the independence movements.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 38 of 50
The wars that took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria in the 1960’s and in Rwanda and Somalia in the early 1990’s are similar in that these wars were caused in part by disputes
  1. over water sources
  2. over oil and mineral rights
  3. between ethnic groups
  4. between communist and noncommunist forces

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Ethnic and tribal loyalties have been the cause of political instability and violence in many African nations since independence.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 39 of 50
“Indian National Congress Refuses To Support British War Effort”
“Indians Answer Call for the Production of Homespun Cloth”
“Indians Call for Boycott of Imported British Cloth”

These three headlines all refer to
  1. attempts by the native people to gain Indian independence
  2. political reorganization in the British colonia empire
  3. programs to increase India’s standard of living
  4. the benefits of economic interdependence between Britain and India

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: All three examples are efforts by India to achieve independence from Great Britain.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 40 of 50
After World War II, the conflict between Hindus and Muslims in India resulted in the
  1. near genocide of the Hindu population
  2. creation of the Muslim state of Pakistan
  3. forced removal of most Hindus from northern and western India
  4. decision of Mohandas Gandhi to seek election as Prime Minister of India

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: British officials drew borders that created a Hindu India and a Muslim Pakistan in 1947. Since this time, there has been conflict between the two nations.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 41 of 50
Which statement is valid about the history of Southeast Asia?
  1. Industrialization has strengthened the traditional beliefs and lifestyles of the people.
  2. The area has experienced little European contact.
  3. Superpower influence has brought peace and prosperity to the region.
  4. Religious beliefs have both unified and divided the people of the region.

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: South Asia is inhabited by very diverse ethnic and religious groups. At various times this diversity has caused wars, while at other times, these groups have unified nations.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 42 of 50
Since Nigeria’s independence in 1960, its government has frequently shifted between democracy and military dictatorship. This situation suggests that
  1. some Nigerians support British colonialism
  2. international problems are more easily solved by military governments
  3. democracy is often difficult to establish in nations where little democratic tradition exists
  4. economic prosperity is frequently achieved by military governments

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Ethnic and tribal loyalties have been the cause of political instability and violence in many African nations since independence.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 43 of 50
The desire for self-determination in African nations became a powerful force for change immediately after
  1. World War II
  2. the Boer War
  3. revolutions in Russia and France
  4. the end of the Cold War

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Many Africans returning from the war resented being treated as second class citizens in their own nations. Nationalism developed and independence movements gained strength as many European countries were unable or unwilling to fight to hold their colonies.

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Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 44 of 50
“Rhodesia Becomes Zimbabwe”
“Gold Coast Becomes Ghana”

These headlines suggest that African governments sometimes rename their nations to
  1. avoid military overthrow
  2. reflect traditional cultures
  3. reinforce colonial influences
  4. increase foreign investments

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: After independence, many Africa nations were renamed in an effort to break with European colonialism and reflect African heritage and tradition.


Colonial Independence / Collapse of Imperialism: Question 45 of 50
In India today, a ma