Regents Prep: Global History & Geography
Multiple-Choice Questions
Regents Prep Global History & Geography: Topical Multiple-Choice Question Archive
Use of Topical Archive Multiple-Choice Questions
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Geography: Question 1 of 31
Which statement best explains why most of the population of the people’s Republic of China live in the eastern third of the nation?
  1. best agricultural land is in the East
  2. largest forests are in the East
  3. best fishing areas are off the eastern coast
  4. largest oil deposits are in the East

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The coastal region of China contain the best agricultural lands as well as access to the Pacific Ocean, making it much easier to live on than the interior of the country which is dominated by deserts and other harsh geographic features.


Geography: Question 2 of 31
Which is an accurate statement about Japan’s natural resources?
  1. Japan has extensively used the seas for fishing
  2. large reserves of petroleum are located in the northern part of Japan
  3. Japan has large fertile plains suitable for growing grain
  4. large coal and iron-ore deposits are located in the mountain region

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The Japanese archipelago has very limited natural resources. By far, the most abundant natural resources available to the Japanese is that which can be harvested from the surrounding ocean.


Geography: Question 3 of 31
In Japan, a major economic problem has been the lack of
  1. natural resources
  2. investment capital
  3. skilled labor
  4. experienced management

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The Japanese archipelago has very limited natural resources, which is the primary barrier to economic development there.


Geography: Question 4 of 31
Which statement best describes an effect that geography has had on Japan?
  1. Japan’s smooth coastline has prevented the development of a fishing industry
  2. Japan’s large plains have made wheat growing a primary industry
  3. the lack of important natural resources has led Japan to depend on trade with other nations
  4. the location of Japan has encouraged great ethnic diversity within the nation

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Besides what is available from the sea, there are very few natural resources available to Japan. Japanese manufacturing is heavily dependent on importing natrual resources which are then converted into products such as automobiles, electronics, and steel.


Geography: Question 5 of 31
Both Japan and Indonesia are made up of a chain of islands called
  1. an archipelago
  2. a peninsula
  3. a delta
  4. an atoll

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: An archipelago is defined as a chain of islands, which describes Japan and Indonesia perfectly.


Geography: Question 6 of 31
The term “Latin America” most accurately refers to the
  1. areas of the Western Hemisphere south of the United States
  2. countries that belong to the Organization of American States
  3. continents of North and South America
  4. countries that have close economic ties with Spain

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The term “Latin America” refers to the cultural region south of the United States. During the 1500s,Central and South America were taken over by Spain and Portugal, and as a result Spanish and Portuguese are the dominant languages and Roman Catholicism is practiced by most of the people living there today.


Geography: Question 7 of 31
Which generalization about geography of Latin America is accurate?
  1. geographic features prevented foreign imperialism
  2. harsh climatic conditions have prevented the development of large-scale agriculture
  3. the lack of geographic barriers facilitated the development of transportation and communication systems
  4. great variations in latitude and landforms resulted in a diversity of climates

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Latin America stretches from the Rio Grande River, continues past the Equator, and finally ends just north of Antarctica. Latin America also contains a variety of landforms including the Andes Mountains, the Amazon River Basin, Brazilian Highlands, and various deserts. Due to the variations in latitude and landforms, Latin America contains several different types of climate such as humid sub-tropical, humid continental, as well as dry desert regions.


Geography: Question 8 of 31
Which geographic factor has had the most influence on Poland's historical and cultural development?
  1. a severe climate
  2. vast deposits of oil
  3. location on the great European Plain
  4. a rugged coastline

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Throughout history, Poland has been an invasion route for invading armies entering and leaving Europe because its location on the great European Plain provides is easier to get through than treading over highlands or mountains.


Geography: Question 9 of 31
Which of these nations is located closet to the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia?
  1. Korea
  2. Vietnam
  3. Somalia
  4. Pakistan

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: While Korea and Vietnam are both located in Southeast Asia, Vietnam is much closer to the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Somalia is located on the Horn of Africa, and Pakistan is located near India in South Asia.


Geography: Question 10 of 31
One effect that mountain ranges, rain forests, and river systems have had on Latin America has been to
  1. encourage cultural diffusion
  2. limit the development of transportation and communication systems
  3. permit the nations of the area to use a single form of government
  4. allow the development of large amounts of arable land

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: These natural resources have made it difficult to develop transportation and communication systems because of the costs associated with building infrastructure in areas with dense vegetation, steep elevations, and rivers that are barely navigable.


Geography: Question 11 of 31
In addition to providing water for Indian agriculture, the Ganges River remains important to India because it is
  1. the only source of Indian hydroelectric power
  2. a sacred river for the Hindu population
  3. the birthplace of Hindu culture
  4. an unofficial boundary between the Hindus and Muslims

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Bathing in the Ganges river is said to wash away sins, and the river water is used in many religious rituals. Many Hindus ask to be cremated along the Ganges and to have their ashes placed in the river.


Geography: Question 12 of 31
An effect of a mountainous topography on Inca and Chinese civilizations was the development of
  1. industrialization
  2. single-crop economy
  3. desalinization projects
  4. terrace farming

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Terrace farming allows crops to be grown on the sides of elevated terrain. This agricultural practice was widespread among the Inca in the Andes Mountains and the early Chinese.


Geography: Question 13 of 31
A major effect of geography on Japan is that the
  1. export of oil has helped Japan maintain a favorable balance of trade
  2. fertile plains have enabled Japan to keep food prices low
  3. mountains have prevented invasions obey foreign nations
  4. scarcity of natural resources has forced Japan to obtain raw materials from other nations

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Japan has very few natural resources except the surrounding seas. Therefore, Japan takes advantage of its irregular coastline to promote trade with other countries. Raw materials are imported to Japan, and then turned into consumer goods such as automobiles and electronics, which are then exported to other nations.


Geography: Question 14 of 31
Which geographic factor has most strongly influenced Russia’s foreign policies and economic development?
  1. lack of natural resources
  2. vast desert regions
  3. limited access to warm-water ports
  4. extensive mountain ranges

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Historically, Russia has been land-locked due to the fact that much of its water access is located in the northern part of the country and is frozen for most of the year. This makes trading difficult because ships cannot get through these frozen waters safely. Events such as the Crimean War, in which Russia sought to gain control of the Dardanelles Strait between the Black and Aegean Seas, illustrates how this geographic factor has influenced Russia’s foreign policies.


Geography: Question 15 of 31
Many people in Southeast Asia hope for the timely arrival of the summer monsoons each year because
  1. floods are the only way to water their farmlands
  2. daily temperatures often reach 100 degrees Fahrenheit
  3. little rain has fallen for many months
  4. oases provide water for nomadic herders

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: In monsoon climates, moisture-bearing winds reverse direction once a year, creating a distinct wet season and a dry season. Thus, the people of Southeast Asia hope for the timely arrival of these seasonal rains in order to provide water for their crops.


Geography: Question 16 of 31
A topographical map would most likely be used to
  1. identify the major agricultural products of Egypt
  2. determine the population of Beijing, China
  3. estimate the elevation of Bangkok, Thailand
  4. count the number of provinces in India

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Topographical maps show the lay of the land, and thus would be ideal for use in estimating the elevation of Bangkok, Thailand.


Geography: Question 17 of 31
On a map of the world, Asia is to Japan as Europe is to
  1. Great Britain
  2. the Netherlands
  3. Austria
  4. Italy

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Asia is a continental landmass, and Japan is an island that is found just off the coast of Asia. In this same way Europe is a continental landmass and Great Britain is an island just off the coast of Europe.


Geography: Question 18 of 31
The Russian steppe is most similar in topography to the
  1. mountains in Switzerland
  2. deserts in the Middle East
  3. rainforests in South America
  4. savannas in Africa

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: The savannas in Africa and steppes of Russia are both described as vast grassy plains.


Geography: Question 19 of 31
Areas of Africa and parts of Siberia in Russia are often said to be gems-in-the-rough because they have
  1. extensive tracts of permanently frozen land
  2. well-developed coastal fishing industries
  3. many undeveloped natural resources
  4. decreasing populations

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: These locations have immense reserves of undeveloped natural resources which are difficult to cultivate due to their problematic geography.


Geography: Question 20 of 31
In Africa, an effect of topography and climate has been to
  1. encourage rapid industrialization of the interior
  2. prevent the development of kingdoms
  3. promote large-scale trade between African and Asia
  4. promote the growth of diverse societies

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: The various topographical and climactic features of Africa (e.g., Sahara Desert) have isolated cultures and promoted the growth of diverse societies.


Geography: Question 21 of 31
The Suez Canal, the Strait of Hormuz, and the Strait of Gibraltar are important because they
  1. prevent attacks on bordering nations
  2. control access to vital trade routes
  3. limit Russian access to warm-water points
  4. prohibit the movement of ships carrying nuclear weapons

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Each of these geographic features are examples of strategic waterways from around the world. They are strategic because they provide access to vital trade routes.


Geography: Question 22 of 31
Geographic diversity in the Middle East has contributed to
  1. unequal standards of living
  2. a common economic system
  3. similar political systems
  4. military alliances with Japan

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: While some nations in the Middle East have large reserves of oil, others do not, and therefore have little of value to trade with the rest of the world.


Geography: Question 23 of 31
The Suez Canal, the Panama Canal, and the Straits of the Dardanelles are similar because they
  1. are strategic waterways that have been the center of conflicts
  2. was part of the French colonial empire
  3. are located in regions that are rich in natural resources
  4. prohibit the movement of ships carrying nuclear weapons

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Each of these geographic features are examples of strategic waterways from around the world. They are strategic because they provide access to vital trade routes.


Geography: Question 24 of 31
The map shows that the
 

  1. economies of all the regions of China are developing at the same rate
  2. distribution of income in China is unequal
  3. economies of the interior provinces of China are developing faster than those of the coastal provinces
  4. economic development in China is dependent upon the cash crops of Xinjiang and Tibet

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: This map clearly shows that the distribution of income in China in unequal because income tends to be greater near the coastline.


Geography: Question 25 of 31
One factor that accounted for Chinese influence on traditional Japanese culture was the
  1. continuous warfare between the countries
  2. geographic location of the countries
  3. refusal of western nations to trade with Japan
  4. annexation of Japan into the Chinese Empire

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: The close proximity of China to Japan aided in cultural diffusion between the two nations.


Geography: Question 26 of 31
Throughout the 1800’s, Russia was interested in acquiring Turkey mainly because Russia wanted
  1. to maintain peace in the Middle East
  2. access to the Mediterranean Sea
  3. to reestablish the Byzantine Empire
  4. the rich farmland of the Anatolian Plateau

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Historically, Russia has been land-locked due to the fact that much of its water access is located in the northern part of the country and is frozen for most of the year. This makes trading difficult because ships cannot get through these frozen waters safely. Events such as the Crimean War, in which Russia sought to gain control of the Dardanelles Strait held by Turkey and located between the Black and Aegean Seas, illustrates how this geographic factor has influenced Russia’s foreign policies.


Geography: Question 27 of 31
Which geographic factor has contributed most to the economic growth of Japan, Egypt, and Great Britain?
  1. variety of natural resources
  2. reliable amount of rainfall
  3. abundance of arable land
  4. access to important waterways

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Access to important waterways, such as the Pacific Ocean for Japan, the Nile River for Egypt, and the Atlantic Ocean for Great Britain often leads to trade, an important factor in the economic growth of these nations.


Geography: Question 28 of 31
In which way have the Andes Mountains and the Amazon rain forest affected the development of Latin America?
  1. promoting international unity
  2. increasing cultural diversity
  3. encouraging trade agreements
  4. strengthening political alliances

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Mountains and rainforests often provide a barrier to cultural diffusion. This allows civilizations to develop independent of others, and sometimes creates a sense of ethnocentrism.


Geography: Question 29 of 31
Which geographic factor has helped China remain isolated for many centuries?
  1. many natural harbors
  2. navigable river systems
  3. severe climate
  4. northern and western mountain ranges

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Mountains often provide a barrier to cultural diffusion. This allows civilizations to develop independent of others, and sometimes creates a sense of ethnocentrism.


Geography: Question 30 of 31
Which statement best describes an impact of topography on eastern Europe?
  1. Many different languages, religions, and customs developed.
  2. A Russian czar ruled the area as a single empire.
  3. An extensive single-crop agricultural system emerged.
  4. Neighbors who were more powerful could not invade the region.

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Various geographical features, such as, rivers, mountains, and plains, can cause civilizations to develop differently depending on their needs for survival.


Geography: Question 31 of 31
Which geographic factor was most important to the development of the early river valley civilizations?
  1. fertile soils
  2. high mountains
  3. vast deserts
  4. smooth coastlines

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The fertile soils along the river valleys allowed the early peoples to grow enough food to increase their population. This in turn led to the creation of civilizations.




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